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In January, Will You be Able to Board Your Domestic Flight With Your Current Driver’s License?

BACKGROUND In 2005, Congress passed the Real ID Act, enacting national standards for obtaining state driver’s licenses and I.D. cards. These federally mandated standards require states to use enhanced security features and identification procedures, and to review documentary evidence of legal status, before issuing a driver’s license or identity document. The Act requires that only … Continue Reading

FTC v. Wyndham: The Third Circuit Recognizes FTC Authority to Regulate Commercial Cyber Security Practices

In 2014, the United States Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit ruling in FTC v. Wyndham Worldwide Corporation agreed to hear an immediate appeal on two issues: “whether the FTC has authority to regulate cybersecurity under the unfairness prong of § 45(a); and, if so, whether Wyndham had fair notice its specific cybersecurity practices could … Continue Reading

Russian Parliament Moving To Advance Commencement Date On Data Protection And Information Legislation

In July 2014, the Russian President signed data protection and information legislation that requires all “data operators” who are processing personal data of Russian citizens, including over the Internet, to do so from servers/databases within Russia.  While the original law provided for a September 1, 2016 commencement date, new legislation is moving through the Russian … Continue Reading

Trending Information: The Connection Between Data Brokers and the Fashion Industry

Consumers frequently reveal personal information about themselves through a variety of daily online and offline activities.  For fashion designers and retailers, this consumer information represents a valuable tool to identify, target, and expand customer advertising and messaging.  This information can be utilized by employing a data broker, or a company who aggregates consumer information and … Continue Reading

Call Me Maybe?: The New TCPA Position Announced by The Federal Communications Commission in Nigro v. Mercantile Adjustment Bureau

As federal courts continue to grapple with the explosion of litigation brought by plaintiffs under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (“TCPA”), the Federal Communications Commission (“FCC”) is increasingly being called upon to address complex questions arising from the application of this analog statute to the digital world.  The latest example is a brief amicus curiae filed … Continue Reading

The Eleventh Circuit Interprets Prior Express Consent Under The TCPA

In Osorio v. State Farm Bank, F.S.B., No. 13-10951, 2014 U.S. App. LEXIS 5709 (11th Cir. Mar. 28, 2014), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit has provided some guidance on the parameters of “prior express consent” under the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (“TCPA”).  In particular, the court held: (1) consent can be … Continue Reading

Seventh Circuit Affirms Lodestar Method to Determine Attorneys’ Fees in TCPA Class Action Settlement

In Americana Art China Company, Inc. v. Foxfire Printing & Packaging, Inc., 743 F.3d 243 (7th Cir. Feb. 18, 2014), the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit affirmed the district court’s attorneys’ fees award in a class action settlement arising from the defendant’s faxing of thousands of unsolicited advertisements in violation of the … Continue Reading

Third and Seventh Circuit Courts of Appeals Issue TCPA Decisions

The Telephone Consumer Protection Act, 47 U.S.C. § 227, et seq. (“TCPA”), prohibits “robo-calls” to cell phones, text messages and “junk” faxes without prior consent. It imposes statutory penalties from $500 to $1,500 per violation, regardless of any actual damage, and is thus increasingly popular with the plaintiffs’ class action bar. Though passed in 1991, … Continue Reading

European Cybersecurity Directive One Step Closer

On March 13, 2014, the European Parliament voted to approve the draft Network and Information Security Directive (as known as the Cybersecurity Directive), which contains new rules designed to improve the cybersecurity of the European Union.  In the most recent draft of the Directive, removes the requirement that certain technology service providers (including social networks, … Continue Reading

Roadmap For Cybersecurity

The White House introduced a voluntary cybersecurity framework that would have banks, utilities, and other critical industries adopt best practices to protect against security threats. The  National Institute of Standards and Technology worked with industry groups to create the “Framework for Improving Critical Infrastructure Cybersecurity.”  The framework is designed to be a roadmap for companies … Continue Reading

California AG Settlement Breach Notification Claim

California Attorney General Kamal Harris recently settled claims against Kaiser Permanente under  California’s Unfair Competition Law, Cal. Bus. & Prof. Code 17200, alleging that Kaiser waited too long to notify current and former employees of a 2011 data breach.  The case has significance because it provides some clarity on what timeframe the AG interprets California’s … Continue Reading

New FCC Interpretation Of “Express Consent” To Increase TCPA Class Action Liability

Plaintiffs frequently sue businesses in class actions for violation of the Telephone Consumer Protection Act of 1991, 47 U.S.C. § 227 (the “TCPA”). The TCPA generally prohibits calls and text messages to cell phones using automated systems or artificial or pre-recorded voice unless the consumer gives “prior express consent.” The TCPA imposes statutory penalties of … Continue Reading

The Ninth Circuit Holds That The TCPA Prohibits Automated Calls Even When They Do Not Refer To Any Specific Good Or Service

In Chesbro v. Best Buy Stores, LP, No. 11-35784, 2012 WL 4902839 (9th Cir. Oct. 17, 2012), the Ninth Circuit reversed the Western District of Washington’s grant of summary judgment in favor of Best Buy Stores, LP (“Best Buy”) on claims that Best Buy placed automated telephone calls to plaintiff Michael Chesbro’s home in violation … Continue Reading
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